ให้เรตสมาชิก: 3 / 5

ดาวใช้งานดาวใช้งานดาวใช้งานดาวไม่ได้ใช้งานดาวไม่ได้ใช้งาน
 

สารบัญ

8. 'Dhamma and Monastic 'Disciplines


      Dhamma has two meanings.

First: it means that tilings are right and good, such as kindness and respect, tolerance and patience, avoidance of whining and impa­tience.

Second: it means things that are true, such as the reality of life, birth, ageing, sickness and death.

      Dhamma can have this double meaning, depending on the circumstances, and context.

All the teachings in the Pali Canon and natural phenom­enon, are all considered to be "Dhamma".

      ' Vinaya' means 'code of conduct', 'discipline' and 'regulations'on the behaviour of individuals. As a collection, it is the name of the first portion of the Buddhist Canon [Vinaya-pj/aka] which deals with the proper behaviour of the members of the Buddhist community, such as monks and nuns. The number of rules a Buddhist layman should observe is five—known as the Five Precepts. Novices must abide by the Ten Precepts of orderly conduct.

      The Vinaya or the code of behaviour for monks contains 227 precepts, which serves as the foundation for Buddhist conduct. Of these 227 precepts, all of them can be broken down in detail and can be expanded into 21,000 individual teachings.

      Athletes must train and warm-up before competing. How­ever, the training ground may not be the same as the actual competition venue. The training ground should be difficult and more challenging of the two so that muscles can develop effec­tively, and so that he can perform even better in the real race. This applies also ) our minds. in order to improve and strengthen the mind, you must practice and exercise it. Instead of running on a track, we use the 227 precepts that have been expanded into 21.000, as a method of training the mind and instilling discipline and mental conviction.

      Vinaya exists to help monks achieve disciplined minds, and if they adhere to Vinaya with diligence, then they will have the opportunity to become an Arahant. Nevertheless, even if they decide to leave monkhood, they will still have a good mind and go about their worldly tasks with success.

      Dhamma Vinaya means, the wisdom and instruction con­tained in the Pali Canon of which there are two types.

1.  One is the rules and code of conduct, Vinaya, which must be strictly refrained from, or else you are breaking your vows of monkhood.

2.  The other is for doing to the best of one's ability, teach­ing which is also known as Dhamma. These suggestions are good for those who do them, but they are not com­pulsory.

      There are a total of 84,000 lessons [dhammakkhandha] for discipline in the Pali Canon, which monks must learn in both theory and practice. F.verything refined by the present author so far is no more than theory, which in monastic terms is called 'Pariyattf. The part where you take what you learn and practice it in your daily life is called 'Patipatti'.

 

Why do you have to  ordained as monks?

     You are ordained in order to practice discipline (Palipatti). Once you learn what is good, then you will be able to apply those things to your life, beginning with the Precepts. In theory, you know that 'Khantf means patience and perseverance. But as a layman, you cannot truly succeed in instilling true patience. Only as a monk can you develop the skills and ability to practice true patience. If you know how to exercise your mind, how to spread loving kindness, and how to forgive your fellow man, then you should do so immediately.

When I was a student, I wondered why Thailand, a country with a good religion had not advanced as far as Europe or America.

      Does it mean that our religion is not as good as we think it is? After I had the opportunity to visit those foreign countries, I realized that it is not that Buddhism that is bad, but the people. Thai discipline, when compared to those of Americans or Euro­peans, does not match up. Moreover, even though westerners do not even know about Buddhism, and yet they possess more disci­pline than many Buddhists do. Buddhism teaches us all the right principles, and rules for good conduct, but we do not practice it in our daily lives.

 

ค้นหา